Erdorbit rolls – also china plans satellite constellation for internet

Erdorbit rolls - also China plans satellite constellation for internet

In the global race for a satellite Internet, China now wants to establish itself as a gross teammate. So far, the company Spacex of the Tesla-Grand Elon Musk with his project StarLink and the London company OneWeb and the Amazon Group with similar projects Present. Now also China pace makes up with the establishment of a separate meganet of satellites. In April, under state management, the China Satellite Network Group was founded, all the activities bundled. According to the well-known planes, more than 20.000 Chinese satellites are brought into roundways.

It gets tight

With the many ten thousand other satellites who want to send Spacex, OneWeb and Amazon for their Internet services to all, it is really tight in the field of earth. Who comes first, grids first, is considered a motto. From landing in Wild-West Manier is talking about critics. "This is obviously the situation right now", Warns the Space Expert Jonathan McDowell from Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge in the US state of Massachusetts. He sees dangers for space travel by the already with space mulleten and now at extra-charged Erdorbit.

"I think a big collision is inevitable at a point", Says the astrophysicist of the German Press Agency. He suggests creating a supervisory body to control international traffic in space in order to reduce the risks. Also, the number of satellites will be limited in certain high to prevent a supervision.

A problem can therefore also be light pollution by the reflection of the sunlight on solar panels of the satellites, which ensure bright stains on the starry sky and irritate astronomers and star lovers. Especially the satellites of OneWeb in the high orbit of around 1200 kilometers were allowed to change the natural night sky: "The lower orbits in 500 kilometers high, which are used by Starlink, are not so bad, but could also cause some problems", Fear of astrophysicist.

Numbers rise quickly

A Russian soy rocket launched last Saturday 36 more satellites for the OneWeb cooperating with Airbus and built its fleet on 218 Sky Corkers. The StarLink network operated by Spacex of the Tesla Chief and Space Pioneer Musk has more than 1600 satellites in the Erdorbite and thus the nose in front. Reverse trainers are Amazon with the Project Kuiper and now the Chinese Satellite Network Group, which as well as Spacex has the rough advantage of being able to encourage the existing rocket launches themselves.

Behind China’s planning is the financial commission of the government to control and administer state-enhanced. Although founded in April, the Network Group is already on the list of top state companies to find already in 26th place, right behind the three telecomriesen China. Previously, there were already the two competing programs "Hongyun" and "Xingyun", which have now been merged. "The land wants his resources bundling and penetrating on fast progress", Comments on the Chinese business magazine "Caixin".

The meganetz was on the list "New infrastructure developments" lifted, which are required with the help of the government. In September, China applied for the Spectrum for its Internet service at the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) with for the time being 12.992 planned satellites. "China is slow with the satellite Internet", quoted "Caixin" a researcher. "Others have already ran. So we can not wait. Finally, the resources are limited in orbit and spectrum."

The future of the internet

What are the advantages of space-based internet? On the one hand can be achieved with remote areas and marine areas otherwise not associated, as experts explain. In addition to the global cover, high broadband speed and fast installation are called as advantages. As disadvantages, high zooming times, data quantity limits, weather conditions, high reference costs and incompatibility for tunnel connections (VPN), with which internet users in China are the "Gross firewall" circumvent censorship.

In the end, it is about the internet of the future, the control over the network and from the Chinese point of view also the control of the content. "At present, the business model of the satellite internet is not yet mature, but as far as strategic importance is to be done", Saysi Lei, the land of Cas Star, a Chinese investment incubator for Tech companies, in the "Caixin"-contribution. "We will consider the commercial value after we have built it."

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