Police, intelligence services, interior politicians and the security industry meet for the "13. European Police Congress" in Berlin
While key agreements on the future of cross-border security cooperation are being finalized at the EU level, European police forces are discussing the challenges of global security at the 13. European Police Congress their implementation in everyday police work. focus on information technologies and the best possible networking of databases. Data protection is mentioned once in the program, but advice is sought from the security industry and NATO. The main sponsor is the IT industry, which, after the "Stockholm Program" (Stockholm Program: Surveillance and Control) lurks for new million-dollar contracts. Entertainment at the Berlin Congress Centrum will be provided by the police music corps.
To the 13. For the first time, the Behordenspiegel publishing group in Berlin is organizing the "European Police Congress". The event is financed by the security industry, which is present with numerous pavilions and invites for a chat during the coffee break. On the web pages of the industry the congress operates as fair. According to the organizers, the "the largest international conference on internal security in the European Union" of 1.The event was attended by 200 participants from 60 countries, including officers from criminal and security police forces, border police, intelligence agencies and private security companies. The thematic panels alternate between speakers from politics and industry, with the order of industry lecturers determined by their funding volume for the congress ("Gold, silver and bronze sponsorships").
As a main focus "Global Security – Challenges for Europe" again a "comprehensive approach" chosen. "Security" is understood as a joint effort of police, secret services, military, security research and security industry. After the burial by the German Minister of the Interior, an industry spokesman presents his view of global security. Markus Hellenthal, who has left EADS to become CEO of the Thales aerospace group, will lecture on the following topics "Networked security in Europe – examples from the business world". Hellenthal has been a representative of the security industry for years, lecturing at international events on the latest technical feasibility of surveillance and control.
"The biggest challenge in times of information overkill", explained Hellenthal 2007, "The challenge for universities is no longer the acquisition of information, but rather the analysis of information and the provision, exchange and transfer of knowledge in real time". Hellenthal labels with vocabulary like "seamless", "comprehensive", "without barriers", "integrated", "cross-border" and preaches a "Interaction between internal and external security forces". The "forward-looking security architecture" requires communication across existing geographical and organizational borders; only laws stand in the way: "For this, both the legal and the operational preconditions often still have to be created".
Training for police officers…
After industry input, European interior ministers give presentation on five-year plan "Stockholm program" and to the Lisbon Treaty, both EU agreements will be discussed as "Responses to the European Security and Defense Union" interpreted.
For many visitors of the Police Congress, the event could have a training character in the field of European directives, treaties and practice of cross-border police cooperation. The Treaty of Lisbon gives the EU more competences for justice and home affairs, the previous division of police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters is abolished. European Parliament and Council may adopt measures to collect, store, process, analyze and exchange information. While legislative acts are to be organized in the future under co-decision of the parliament, the politicians in the area of the "operational cooperation between police and judicial authorities" only a right to information.
The police agency Europol, meanwhile, is maturing, similar to the "Border management agency" Frontex, on "Police agency" with significant new responsibilities (Europol in the third generation). The agenda of the congress will also include the targeted "European internal security strategy" and the projects of the Spanish EU Presidency in the field of justice and home affairs.
If internal and external security are increasingly becoming one, the NATO perspective must not be absent. Congress therefore raises the question "Transatlantic security cooperation in third countries – What can be learned from the armed forces??" at. Also invited is Jamie Shea, former NATO spokesman and creator of the "Collateral damage" (Exact numbers will never be known).
Partly non-official expert forums deal with numerous questions concerning IT technology and security, among them "IT architecture for police information exchange in Europe" under the direction of the BKA or "data processing, digital analysis, evaluation, storage and legal security", which also features the European Data Protection Supervisor Peter Hustinx. To "Future of Information Systems after Lisbon – Digital Identity in Europe" speakers include the head of the IT department at the Federal Ministry of the Interior and Interpol’s special representative to the European Union, as well as "N.N., Economy".
The Director of IT of the British Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO), presents procedures for biometric identification "transnational criminals" in front of. ACPO is also involved in the controversial EU security research program INDECT (All-round System for European Homeland Security), which data protection activists consider to be "Population scanner" Criticized is.
Another illustrious sponsor and apparently serious speaker is the Hamburg-based company Pan Amp, which regularly "GPS bombs" to promptly counter them with obscure solutions of their own (Pan Amp and the terror codecs). An employee of Pan Amp will give a lecture on "Strategies and Concepts for Online Investigation – Harnessing the Deep Web for Security Agencies", participation is, however "by special invitation only".
Even before the attempted attack in Detroit in December, the organizers of the congress had held a specialist forum on the "Airport security" in which the use of body scanners for air passengers is presented and the planned agreements for the transmission of air passenger data (PNR) is discussed. Participants are, besides the German Federal Police, security officials of Schiphol Airport, Frankfurt and Tel Aviv.
…and order initiation for the industrial sector "Homeland Defense"
The EU’s security policy intentions always entail large investments in IT infrastructure, including surveillance technology and sensors, hardware, software, databases, storage systems, network technology, server operating systems, training and long-term maintenance contracts. The security industry is happily enjoying strong growth in the sector "Homeland Defense". In spring 2009, a study by the Hamburg Institute of International Economics predicted a fourfold increase in investment between 2005 and 2015, to $178 billion. The authors recommend "joint procurement centers" for the standardization of hardware and software solutions.
With the entry of new EU member states into the Schengen area, new investments for border security systems, biometric ID cards and reading stations, databases or situation centers are on the horizon. Most recently, the Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia were exempted from the visa requirement for the EU (Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina, however, have not, in the view of the EU, all "Target" fulfilled).
The "Gold sponsor" of the Police Congress EADS came under fire in 2005 after the Romanian daily Romania Libera reported that the Franco-German company had been awarded a contract worth more than a billion euros without an open tender. The overall project included surveillance systems such as infrared cameras, software for control centers, and communication and IT infrastructure for helicopters, ships, border control vehicles, and border police equipment. EADS and the Romanian Ministry of Administration and Interior announced in 2006 that the so-called "Backup IT subsystem" has been successfully installed. All applications required to secure borders in accordance with the Schengen Agreement are based on the platform.
The technical upgrading of border surveillance is one of the prerequisites for fulfilling the EU accession criteria. According to Romania’s Interior Minister Vasile Blaga, SIS I+ RE will "integrated Romanian border security system" of EADS even "set a modern standard in the EU". In addition to the police and intelligence services, the VIS also includes customs, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Transport.
Traditionally, the opening of the European Police Congress takes place on the eve of the event at the Romanian Embassy in Berlin. Romania to join the Schengen Agreement in 2011. Interior Minister Blaga thanks Poland, Austria and Germany for their support, including training assistance.
Technical focus of this year’s police congress is "Identity – Information – Infrastructure". panel such as "Information, Workflow and Interoperability" erorate about challenges in the technical implementation of the "Stockholm program" especially in the area of police databases. The EU visa database VIS is to be launched at the end of 2010, and entries are already being collected for it. The VIS stores all biometric data, such as photographs or digital fingerprints, which people from third countries are now required to provide when applying for a visa.
In contrast, the future of the Schengen Information System remains unclear. The new stage, SIS II, was supposed to become operational in 2006 with additional biometric identification data, but is still delayed. At their meeting last December, EU interior ministers gave the consortium commissioned by the German company Steria Mummert Consulting a deadline of 29 September. January, by which time an initial "Milestone test" must be completed. Otherwise, the ministers intend to continue with the "SIS I+ RE" develop a decentralized system.
The accusation that the SIS II is not functional was denied by Steria Mummert last year at the European Police Congress on our website. The consortium has, among other things, for the Federal Criminal Police Office (BKA) the "Steria Interconnection Box" (SIB), through which German databases are linked to the SIS. In the event of the EU withdrawing from SIS II, high claims for damages could be incurred. To date, investments have risen to around 60 million euros, including for the central data center in Strasbourg and its backup in St. Gallen, Austria. Johann. server, hardware and network infrastructure will be provided by the contractor Hewlett Packard.
As early as 2006, the EU had begun to work with "SISone4ALL" a "alternative technical scenario" for the belated SIS II, which could now become the new basis for EU-wide entry and exit control in the event of the failure of SIS II. It is questionable whether a SIS II is needed at all. The Prum Treaty provides police forces in the EU with an agreement on the basis of which fingerprints or DNA analyses can be exchanged. The "Contract from Prum" is already being used in part as "SIS III" traded.
The agenda of the Police Congress also includes the planned establishment of the "IT agency", which many exhibitors at the congress are speculating on implementing. At the meeting of European interior ministers in December, Estonia and France applied for the location of the authority to manage all EU police databases. In the e-Justice project, the EU also wants to improve cooperation between judicial authorities. In the long term, a fully electronic procedure is planned, in the first stages of which a European criminal register of the member states will be established. Videoconferencing could facilitate cross-border civil and criminal proceedings, which could be "translation tools" as the development of "standardized online forms for automatic translations" be supplemented.
The number of software companies in the list of speakers and sponsors is striking. In recent years, applications for the "data mining" and data fusion have increasingly found their way into police work (information is considered to be "Key" to fight crime), numerous companies are bidding on the features of their software. European interior ministers had made a list of demands on the "Stockholm program" demanded new technical procedures for navigation in the "to develop vast amounts of information that could be useful for public security organizations" to develop. Representatives of the industry like to justify the upgrading and automation of law enforcement with the argument of decreasing operating costs.
Tom Shirk, President of Global Public Services at the software company SAP, claims that the introduction of computerized procedures has brought about a new level of transparency "significant relief of forces from administrative tasks, consistent and secured database for tracing/investigation, more police officers on the street, decreasing implementation and operating costs".
At the police congress, the software industry will present solutions for the automated retrieval of texts, video and audio data, among other things. The programs are based on different search systems and try to manage different types of files: Texts, web pages, Verhor logs, witness interviews, surveillance reports, audio recordings of telephone surveillance and their transcription, fax, videos, emails, motion profiles, cell phone location data, satellite imagery, etc. Another difficulty is the distribution of access rights for administration and application as well as the connection to databases of other European law enforcement agencies. Gunther Guzielski, former freelance consultant, now IT director at the BKA, called for the unification of standards and accelerated implementation at the 2007 congress "without wasting time in protracted negotiations".. Guzielskis’ ambitions at the BKA: to develop a police IT strategy, to expand the Inpol-neu search system, and to turn the BKA’s IT department into a "Service organization" reorganize.
"Reform of the institutions comprehensively/ relentlessly!"
Uwe Kranz, former ministerial councillor and employee at Europol, now self-appointed "Terrorism consultant", regularly draws up scenarios at the congress against the "Transnational Organized Crime and Terrorism". For Kranz, the Internet is a "University of Terror". His usual confusing presentation was allowed to be one of the highlights of the congress next week: "National/international thinking in systems, long term comprehensive overall strategies and visions, no day-to-day political, remedial, damage-limiting reaction patterns, reform of the institutions comprehensively/ relentlessly!, National/EU Security Council, transformation of the GTAZ into an independent federal authority, language training. Where are the Herolds, Stumpers and Zacherts??" [former presidents of the BKA and police]".
Parallel to the Kranz’ presentation, the announced demonstration was held in front of the Congress Centrum "Full Spectrum Resistance" The first phase of the project, which will begin in front of the SAP headquarters in Berlin. "The European Union is by no means the peaceful project it likes to present itself as", criticize the organizers. Resistance to projects such as data retention, international data exchange or militarized civil protection should not be limited to protests in one’s own country, but should be organized at the EU level. Social movements took the security policy of European state-building too little seriously, a critique of it should not be left to parties alone.